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The … Santa Maria Maggiore was built at the top of Cispius, the highest part of the Esquiline hill, which is the highest of the seven hills of Rome. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers, saying, according to the Liber Pontificalis "I prefer that it should belong to those who honor God, whatever be their form of worship." The church was connected to a hospice during the 15th century, founded by the father-in-law of Francisca Romana. The Santa Maria in Cappella church is located in the Trastevere district and was built in the 11th century. Santa Maria Maddalena Church Rome Address, opening hours and admission. The lower order of the chapel is fairly dark and employs Borromini-like forms. The choir performs during the main parish Mass on Sunday, at 12:00. Above is the mosaic representation of the "Coronation of the Virgin" (1130–1143). The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere (Italian: Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere); English: Our Lady in Trastevere) is a titular minor basilica in the Trastevere district of Rome, and one of the oldest churches of Rome. 48 reviews of Basilica di Santa Maria "The first day I arived in Rome, my hostess took me to a mass at Santa Maria. This image on the façade showing Mary nursing Jesus is an early example of a popular late-medieval and renaissance type of image of the Virgin. The Italian word maggiore means major, and this signifies that the church is the most important one out of eighty Rome churches that are devoted to the Virgin Mary. The present nave preserves its original (pre-12th century) basilica plan and stands on the earlier foundations. . The interior of the church is remarkable and completely unpredictable from looking at its bare façade. [1][2], The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. Innocent II arranged for his own burial on the spot formerly occupied by the tomb. According to legend, the Virgin appeared before the Pope with the instructions for building the church, and the shape of the floor was designed based on a miraculous snowfall. The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is an ancient Catholic basilica that is considered to be the largest of the churches dedicated to the Virgin Mary in Rome. The pope's brother, Cardinal Antonio Barberini, who was a member of the Capuchin order, in 1631 ordered the remains of thousands of Capuchin friars exhumed and transferred from the friary Via dei Lucchesi to the crypt. This is a world record. The church of Santa Maria stands on the site of an ancient Roman temple dating back to the second century BC with much of what is above ground dating from the eighth and twelfth centuries. [citation needed], The inscriptions found in Santa Maria in Trastevere, a valuable resource illustrating the history of the Basilica, were collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella.[7]. With its impressive, picturesque bell tower and wonders of art housed inside, the Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere is without argue one of the most interesting churches in Rome. The "Coronation of the Virgin" sits atop an apse vault, and depicts Pope Innocent II holding a model of the church. The decoration of the Early Christian churches, and particularly of the basilicas, was mostly with mosaics. The Santa Maria in Traspontina Church is a Carmelite Church in the Via della Conciliazione at a short distance from Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome.. 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